Is Round or Square Duct Better?
To prevent mould, fresh air should always be introduced into your dwelling daily, as it helps to regulate temperature and reduce condensation. Introducing fresh air can be as simple as having a ventilation routine, or installing extractors or PIV systems.
In this blog we will be answering the question ‘is round or square ducting better?’
Understanding which ducting is ideal for your home, business or building can be the defining factor in preventing mould effectively whilst providing adequate ventilation.
I-Sells is here to provide the answers you need whilst also supplying you with all the information you need to combat mould and have a well-ventilated home.
Why do we need ducting?
The ducting system is a series of interconnected hollow tubes dedicated to the movement of air, ducting pipes can come in different sizes and as previously mentioned, in different shapes, each of which has its benefit.
Ducting pipes can be as long or as short as required by the space it is occupying. Additionally, ducting can be created from different materials, as we will highlight below.
Ducting is used to facilitate the process of ventilation, ducting systems may vary, but generally are made from plastic or metal & made into the piping which intakes air from the room it is in & expels it outside.
The main purpose of ventilation is to introduce outdoor air into a dwelling, building or room being evenly distributed. Its general purpose is to allow “healthy” air for breathing & diluting pollutants that may be present in the dwelling, building or area.
No Ducting means more mould
Mould reproduces from tiny spores. The spores float through the air and deposit on the surfaces. Under adequate temperature, moisture, and nutrient conditions, the spores can form new mould colonies.
condensation is not the only cause of mould, it can occur from leaks in the structure of a building too. Ducting and ventilation can help prevent an environment necessary for mould to develop, along with a ventilation routine.
Mould can severely affect your immune and respiratory system, as the spores are easily breathable and not obvious to see through the human eye.
If you have found mould in your home, you need to assess if this is your landlord’s responsibility (for example it could be from a leaking roof that needs repairing). Or if the dampness is caused by improper ventilation. To assess your options, click here.
Explaining Round & Square ducting
Round ducting has the highest airflow performance, this is due to a wider diameter increasing its free area. The lack of corners also decreases resistance within the pipe, which allows for higher airflow rates and higher rates of ventilation.
It is recommended for most applications where space is available for installation. Its main purposes are for long ducting runs, whole-house ventilation systems, HVAC systems, bathroom, toilet and utility room extract fan venting, or any occasion where high rates of extraction are required.
Round PVC ducting pipe can be used for venting exhaust odours and steam from cooker hoods, although flexible ducting may be easier to install in many instances.
Sizes are available from 100mm, 300mm, 500mm and 600mm diameters, with sizes between these dimensions also available. Both round and flat ducting have smooth inner surfaces to reduce air resistance and noise.
Square ducting (also known as flat channel ducting) is ideal when a low profile is required due to a lack of space. It can also be concealed and flush fit against ceilings and walls or within voids.
Please bear in mind that as a result of a lower free area, there is greater pressure created within a duct run. It is therefore essential that you check the manufacturer information for the fan you are planning to install within the run.
If the fan is extracting at a rate that is greater than the duct run can cope with, there is potential for the fan to overheat and burn out. This is both costly and unnecessary.
Flat channel plastic ducting is generally used for installations requiring low extraction rates such as bathrooms, toilets, and utility rooms. Sizes available from 110x54mm to 310x29mm.
Be mindful of where you place your ducting to understand what kind of ducting you need, and where its access doors will be, which are vital to maintaining the effectiveness of your ventilation by cleaning the ducting buildup at regular intervals.
Is round or square duct better?
It’s difficult to give a definitive answer to this question as the effectiveness of these ducting styles will be subjective to your needs, along with the location the ducting will be placed alongside the space required, and the space itself. (e.g Is it a home or an industrial space?)
To help you choose as to which you feel will be better for your situation, we have provided a table for each duct highlighting their pros & cons.
Pros & Cons of Round Ducting
Difficult to conceal
Poor results in low-pressure systems
More expensive than flat ducting
Better for high-pressure systems
Designed for HVAC systems
Pros & Cons of Square (Flat Channel) Ducting
Creates more noise within duct run
Poor results within high-pressure systems
Easy to flush fit and conceal
Increased air resistance
Ideal for low-pressure
Plastic and metal ducting
Plastic ducting explained
Plastic ducting is usually made from PVC. Plastic ducting is typically used as ventilation within domestic properties, principally within student flats and modernisations. It is preferred because of its lightness, its airtight properties & durability. It is usually used in rooms such as bathrooms and kitchens, and HVAC systems.
We provide plastic ducting lengths, connectors, bends, brackets, and accessories such as reducers, attenuators and other fittings.
Plastic ducting has many advantages including
- It is lightweight
- It’s easy to install
- It’s smooth on the inside, making for efficient installations
- It is easy to cut
- It doesn’t corrode
- It can be insulated
Metal ducting explained
Metal ducting is ideal for ventilation systems set up in hotter environments, an example being a cooker hood. Metal ducting is also a popular choice for spaces and environments with air rich in certain compounds that could be hazardous or damaging to standard choices.
HVAC experts and engineers typically choose to rely on stainless steel for aggressive environments, where corrosion is highly likely.
We provide round ductwork fittings and accessories in a large range of diameters to suit all purposes including HVAC systems and extractor fans. Our metal ductwork is manufactured from high-quality galvanised Aluminium.
The benefits of metal ducting are as follows:
- It can be used in rooms that have appliances that emit a lot of heat
- High-quality galvanised aluminium ensures long-lasting function
- Ideal for industrial environments
- Can be insulated.
Purchase your ducting today
We at I-Sells endeavour to make sure our customers have all the information they need before choosing to invest in our mould solutions. Be sure to visit our blog page to gain knowledge on the wide array of factors and issues surrounding ventilation, mould, condensation, and much more.
We hope to have answered the question ‘Is round or square duct better?’
We understand you may have more questions, Please do not hesitate to contact us for more information with regard to whatever you may need our help with. If you’d like to send us an email, click here. For other contact options, see below:
Call us on 020 8463 9696
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